Reform Freemasonry?

A Question for the Future of Freemasonry


Richard A. Graeter

Copyright ©2007, 2014 by Richard A. Graeter

All rights reserved.

Internet Edition
Published at

1st Publication – November 30, 2007
1st Revised Publication – March 18, 2008
2nd Revised Publication – August 31, 2010
3rd Revised Publication – December 21, 2014

Notice! This paper is not sponsored by nor affiliated with any lodge or grand lodge.
All opinions expressed herein are strictly those of the author.

Table of Contents

Author’s Note

Three Voices
What Are We Trying To Save
It’s About Time!
Voting With Their Feet

How to Preserve and Stimulate Freemasonry
Preserve the Core (What not to change)
And Stimulate Progress (what to change)
A Willingness To Experiment

Cult-Like Culture-Something To Believe In
1. Freemasonry’s Inspiring Story
2. Freemasonry’s Culture of Identity
3. Freemasonry’s Organizational Structure

The Role of Grand Lodges

Orbiting the Giant Hairball


List of Authorities Cited
About the Author


In 2001, within weeks of his 70th birthday, my father was diagnosed with a particularly nasty form of cancer that had a very low 5-year survival rate. In spite of this bleak prognosis, he recovered his health and lived another 13 happy years. His survival was by no means a miracle; rather, his cure was due to a radical and severe treatment regimen involving chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. The regimen nearly killed him. And, if he had not been an exceptionally strong man, possessed of a good heart and fighting spirit, he would surely have died. He suffered. The treatments made him ill, and he lost a great deal of weight, but he survived. And while his experience with cancer changed his life, it did not change the man. My father remained to his core, the same man I always knew him to be. After his recovery, he reveled in his time, found a new perspective on life, and looked forward to a bright future. The treatment regimen was painful, but his courage in facing the brutal truth that confronted him allowed him to prevail. My father just recently passed away, peacefully in his sleep, not from cancer but from old age. Although my father was not a freemason, he has been and remains my guide and inspiration, and I dedicate this work to his memory.

Author’s Note

Freemasons have been fretting about the demise of Freemasonry for over half a century. The causes blamed for its decline are seemingly endless; the solutions to address it, sadly few. Many changes—reforms—have been tried in a desperate attempt to reverse the perceived problem of membership losses. But have these reforms helped … or harmed Freemasonry?

I first offered Reform Freemasonry! with an exclamation point back in 2007, but in this final revision I have changed the punctuation to a question mark. Do we really need to Reform Freemasonry to keep it relevant and make it successful in today’s society? I now think not. With the benefit of a few years of reflection, I have come to understand that I had mistaken the symptoms of the disease afflicting Freemasonry as the disease itself. Declining membership is not our problem.

The good news is that I believe that the disease afflicting Freemasonry is curable. But treatment will not be easy. Like a radical treatment regimen for cancer, it will be painful and may even cause the patient to become more ill over the short term. But the patient is still strong; is possessed of a good heart and a noble sprit; and, if it can face the brutal truth with courage, it will prevail.


Freemasonry liberates man from superstition and dogma so that he can embark on an unfettered quest for the Truth. For centuries, this core aspect of Freemasonry has resonated with the greatest minds of the ages. The enlightenment thinkers of the 17th and 18th centuries, from America’s Founding Fathers, to the philosophers, scientists, astronomers, and mathematicians of The Royal Society, all found meaning in Freemasonry.

Freemasonry first declared itself to the world with the formation of the Premier Grand Lodge of England in 1717, and since that time has enjoyed phenomenal worldwide growth. At the center of almost every major American city stands a substantial masonic edifice. These magnificent masonic buildings stand shoulder to shoulder with cathedrals, museums, and the world headquarters of global corporations. Notably, these buildings were financed in large part though cash donations from members of a fraternity who felt that Freemasonry was worth their sacrifice.

So important was Freemasonry to our forefathers that at one time it was not uncommon for a lodge’s annual dues to be the equivalent of a week’s wages or more. Membership in a colonial lodge was often so highly prized that joining fees could exceed a month’s wages. In addition to paying dues to cover annual operating expenses, these Freemasons also donated extensively to capital funds to raise their masonic edifices.

Today, however, many of Freemasonry’s once elegant buildings are in a state of decay while the masonic organizations that own them struggle to meet mounting repair and maintenance expenditures with dwindling revenue streams. In the midst of this crisis, the typical freemason today bristles at paying meager annual dues that are usually less than a month’s cable bill. Consider: 30 days of television means more to some of our members than an entire year of Freemasonry. Why does the typical mason today no longer feel obligated to support his lodge or grand lodge? Perhaps a better question is what has changed—or failed to change—about Freemasonry that it no longer commands the enthusiastic support of its members nor appeals to the young men of today?

Freemasonry in the United States is locked in a steep, half-century-long decline in membership. Even the inventive one-day classes have done little to reverse this trend. Over the last 50 years, the Grand Lodge of Ohio has lost almost 200,000 members, and every year suffers the net loss of another 5,000. Typical lodge attendance rarely exceeds a small percentage of a lodge’s membership. Lodge buildings crumble as lodges struggle to bear increasing property costs with decreasing resources. Freemasonry’s public image is more due to popular novels like The Lost Symbol and movies like National Treasure than the truth. Young men, inspired by these fictions, are finally seeking out Freemasonry, and some even join our fraternity in one-day classes chasing these fantasies, but then only discover the truth about Freemasonry in America today and quickly melt away.

The question is: do we need to reform Freemasonry so that it can once again attract young men actively seeking an organization that offers something to believe in?


This work is divided into five sections that look towards the future of Freemasonry.

The first section, Three Voices, reviews three selected publications from the current body of work that address the future of Freemasonry.

The second section, How to Preserve and Stimulate Freemasonry, applies the discipline of the Business Week best-selling book, Built To Last, by authors Jim Collins and Jerry I. Porras, to Freemasonry as an organization. Jim Collins is a student and teacher of enduring great companies—how they grow; how they attain superior performance; and, how good companies can become great companies. His books have been fixtures on the Business Week bestseller list and have been translated into 25 languages. His work has been featured in Fortune, The Wall Street Journal, Business Week, Harvard Business Review, and Fast Company.

The third section, Cult-Like Culture—Something To Believe In, explores the three building blocks that are essential for building an organization that can move the hearts and minds of its members and some of the reasons behind the failure of our grand lodge organizations from being able to accomplish this goal.

The fourth section, The Role of Grand Lodges, applies the same questions asked about Freemasonry in the second section to Grand Lodges, and presents some conclusions on one possible root cause of the disease afflicting Freemasonry, as well as proposing some chemotherapy for grand lodges that could help lead to a cure.

The concluding section, Orbiting the Giant Hairball, challenges grand lodges to create an environment that encourages creativity within their subordinate lodges.

In summary, this paper challenges our grand lodge leaders to imagine a dynamic future for Freemasonry. Grand Lodges officers need to lead with progressive action to respond to the needs, hopes, and aspirations of today’s young Freemason. Freemasons were meant to be great innovators, and it’s about time that we pick up our working tools and begin to labor to restore this rich legacy.

Next Section >>> Three Voices